Soft Tissue Grafting

When there is only minor recession, some healthy gingiva often remains and protects the tooth, so that no treatment other than modifying home care practices is necessary. However, when gingival recession progresses, a soft tissue graft may be necessary.

In addition, gum recession often results in root sensitivity to hot and cold foods as well as an unsightly appearance of the gum and tooth. When significant, gum recession can predispose to worsening recession and expose the root surface, which is softer than enamel, leading to root decay and root gouging.

before and after root coverage grafting

A soft tissue graft is designed to solve these problems. A thin piece of tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth or gently moved over from adjacent areas to provide a stable band of attached gingiva around the tooth. The graft may be placed in such a way as to cover the exposed portion of the root.  Alternatively, a donor tissue graft may be used instead of taking tissue from the roof of the mouth.

The soft tissue graft procedure usually results in a stable, healthy band of attached tissue around the tooth.